Key Take Home Messages
- Pulmonary haemorrhage can be life threatening and can be associated with high mortality
- Clinical presentation may mimic multiple pathologies.
- Initial aetiology may not be clear and treatment for potential underlying causes with resuscitation should be initiated early
- CT thorax angiogram is the initial investigation of choice and can guide diagnosis, differentiate between diffuse alevolar and focal haemorrhage and also guide embolisation if appropriate.
- Suspect pulmonary haemorrhage as a differential diagnosis in a patient with new anaemia, haemoptysis and hypoxic respiratory failure